Electing the President
|| Federalist No. 68 ||The Mode of Electing the President
From the New York Packet
Friday, March 14, 1788.
Author: Alexander Hamilton
To the People of the State of New York:
It was desirable that the sense of the people should operate in the choice of the person to whom so important a trust was to be confided. This end will be answered by committing the right of making it, not to any pre-established body, but to men chosen by the people for the special purpose, and at the particular conjuncture.
Please read word by word; read Alexander Hamilton.
In this period, Alexander Hamilton, the proud New Yorker. is everywhere; he is in Musicals; now he is in 2016 Presidential Election.
Look at the words. Alexander Hamilton said it very clear.
not to any pre-established body
but to Electors chosen by the people for the special purpose
and at the particular conjuncture
Not DNC; Not RNC; Not any pre-established body.
Electors chosen by the people
Not the list of names from any candidates.
53 Electors chosen by the people of California for this special purpose in November 2016.
Stop consulting with any Ph.D or any Professor of any University.
Just ask an elementary school kid to read Federalist Paper #68 and explain to you. The kid will tell you what to do. Just do that.
Had it been any other nation, these Founding Fathers would have become God for those people.
What a vision! Amazing!!
It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station, and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were proper to govern their choice. A small number of persons, selected by their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations.
A small number of persons, selected by their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations.
Let citizens of United States elect their 538 Electors.
Let 538 Electors elect the President.
And as the electors, chosen in each State, are to assemble and vote in the State in which they are chosen, this detached and divided situation will expose them much less to heats and ferments, which might be communicated from them to the people, than if they were all to be convened at one time, in one place.
Alexander Hamilton is all about doing things RIGHT
In his period, there were only 13 states; and all of them are neighbors. Still Alexander Hamilton suggests to do things in their own state; not to be influenced by other states.
When Alexander Hamilton did things right, it did work for 13 states; and it still works for 50 states.
When you do things right, other nations in the planet Earth would adopt it too.
They have not made the appointment of the President to depend on any preexisting bodies of men, who might be tampered with beforehand to prostitute their votes; but they have referred it in the first instance to an immediate act of the people of America, to be exerted in the choice of persons for the temporary and sole purpose of making the appointment. And they have excluded from eligibility to this trust, all those who from situation might be suspected of too great devotion to the President in office.
No senator, representative, or other person holding a place of trust or profit under the United States, can be of the numbers of the electors. Thus without corrupting the body of the people, the immediate agents in the election will at least enter upon the task free from any sinister bias.
Their transient existence, and their detached situation, already taken notice of, afford a satisfactory prospect of their continuing so, to the conclusion of it.
The business of corruption, when it is to embrace so considerable a number of men, requires time as well as means. Nor would it be found easy suddenly to embark them, dispersed as they would be over thirteen States, in any combinations founded upon motives, which though they could not properly be denominated corrupt, might yet be of a nature to mislead them from their duty.
Each word in Federalist Paper #68 is a keyword. Every word counts and cannot be ignored.
How could you totally and completely ignore this Alexander Hamilton paper and have been doing things just opposite of his words? How long this Federalist Paper #68 has been ignored?
Another and no less important desideratum was, that the Executive should be independent for his continuance in office on all but the people themselves. He might otherwise be tempted to sacrifice his duty to his complaisance for those whose favor was necessary to the duration of his official consequence. This advantage will also be secured, by making his re-election to depend on a special body of representatives, deputed by the society for the single purpose of making the important choice.
Alexander Hamilton repeatedly says:
depend on a special body of representatives
deputed by the society
for the single purpose of making
the important choice
All these advantages will happily combine in the plan devised by the convention; which is, that the people of each State shall choose a number of persons as electors, equal to the number of senators and representatives of such State in the national government, who shall assemble within the State, and vote for some fit person as President.
Their votes, thus given, are to be transmitted to the seat of the national government, and the person who may happen to have a majority of the whole number of votes will be the President.
But as a majority of the votes might not always happen to centre in one man, and as it might be unsafe to permit less than a majority to be conclusive, it is provided that, in such a contingency, the House of Representatives shall select out of the candidates who shall have the five highest number of votes, the man who in their opinion may be best qualified for the office.
Alexander Hamilton is the best Software Architect; Designer; and Developer.
Constitution of United States is the Software for Democracy.
Alexander Hamilton takes care of Errors and Exceptions. The best of the best human being. It still works. He is not dead; not at all. Alexander Hamilton lives even after 300 years.
He wants the Electors make decision - assemble within the state; and transmit your decision to the National Government. If all assembled in the national capital, they may lose their individuality and influenced by the loud voices.
The process of election affords a moral certainty, that the office of President will never fall to the lot of any man who is not in an eminent degree endowed with the requisite qualifications.
Talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity, may alone suffice to elevate a man to the first honors in a single State; but it will require other talents, and a different kind of merit, to establish him in the esteem and confidence of the whole Union, or of so considerable a portion of it as would be necessary to make him a successful candidate for the distinguished office of President of the United States. I
t will not be too strong to say, that there will be a constant probability of seeing the station filled by characters pre-eminent for ability and virtue. And this will be thought no inconsiderable recommendation of the Constitution, by those who are able to estimate the share which the executive in every government must necessarily have in its good or ill administration. Though we cannot acquiesce in the political heresy of the poet who says: "For forms of government let fools contest That which is best administered is best," yet we may safely pronounce, that the true test of a good government is its aptitude and tendency to produce a good administration.
The Vice-President is to be chosen in the same manner with the President; with this difference, that the Senate is to do, in respect to the former, what is to be done by the House of Representatives, in respect to the latter.
But, in the current period, the Vice-President is a dummy person. In Alexander Hamilton perspective, the Vice-President is as good as the President.
Come on, guys! You need to stop the current way of conducting the election.
Respect and Honor the words of your Founding Fathers.
Alexander Hamilton is the best.